2021 Chinese Mid-Autumn Festival & Chinese Moon Festival
2021 Chinese Mid-Autumn Festival is on Tuesday, September 21, 2021
2022 Chinese Mid-Autumn Festival is on Saturday, September 10, 2022
When is the Chinese Mid-Autumn Festival 2021?
Chinese Moon Festival
September 21, 2021, Tuesday, is the 2021 Chinese Moon Festival, a.k.a Chinese Mid-Autumn Festival, in China. Chinese Moon Festival is on the 15th moon day of the 8th Chinese lunar month based on the Chinese Lunar Calendar. The new moon day is the first day of a Chinese Lunar Month. Because the first day of the 8th lunar month is September 7, 2021, therefore, the Chinese Moon Festival is on September 21, 2021 in China's time zone.
Chinese Moon Festival is also known as the Mid-Autumn Festival. This is because the lunar 8th month is in the middle of the Chinese autumn season. The lunar 15th date is in the middle of the month. However, the 15th lunar day is not always the same as the full moon day of the 8th lunar month. September 21, 2021, is a full moon day in China's time zone.
What is behind the Chinese Moon Festival?
If you watch the full moon carefully, you should see the image of a rabbit delineated on the moon's surface. In China, there is another Chinese folklore about a moon rabbit. In this folklore, three fairy sages transformed themselves into pitiful old men and begged for something to eat from a fox, a monkey, and a rabbit. The fox and the monkey both had food to give to the old men, but the rabbit, empty-handed, offered his flesh instead, jumping into a blazing fire to cook himself. The sages were so touched by the rabbit's sacrifice that they let him live in the Moon Palace where he became the "Jade Rabbit." Thus, the rabbit became the companion to the Change Er. Otherwise, Lady Chang Er will be very lonely in the Moon Palace.
Why Eating Moon Cakes during the Chinese Mid-autumn Festival?
During the Yuan dynasty (A.D.1280-1368) China was ruled by the Mongolian people. Leaders from the preceding Sung dynasty (A.D.960-1280) were unhappy at submitting to foreign rule and set how to coordinate the rebellion without it being discovered. The leaders of the rebellion, knowing that the Moon Festival was drawing near, ordered the making of special cakes. Backed into each moon cake was a message with the outline of the attack. On the night of the Moon Festival, the rebels successfully attacked and overthrew the government. What followed was the establishment of the Ming dynasty (A.D. 1368-1644). Today, moon cakes are eaten to commemorate this legend.
Chinese moon cakes can be found in Chinese bakery stores and Chinese supermarkets in the USA. A traditional moon cake contains a sweet rich filling covered by a thin crust. There are many different fillings, such as red bean paste, lotus seed paste, sweet bean paste, jujube paste, pineapple paste, or fruit filling. Some moon cakes contain egg yolk or meat. A high-quality moon cake is more expensive than a hamburger.
The Chinese Mid-Autumn Festival activities and Taboos
The Chinese Moon Festival is the day for the Goddess of the Moon. The Mid-Autumn Festival is near a full moon day. Cleanliness and roundness are the symbols of the family reunion. The Goddess of the Moon is a symbol of an angel, white, cleanliness, brightness, and pure love. Ancient Chinese worshiped the moon at night in the Moon Festival. They prepared an incense burner table and put flat cake, moon cake, and fruit on it. Watermelon and pomelo are the favorite fruit because they are big and round. The Chinese Mid-Autumn Festival activities include having a reunion meal, admiring the moon, enjoying moon cakes, drinking wine, etc. Now people like to have a barbecue in the park or backyard. So they can eat dinner, chat with family members, and watch the moon altogether
The Chinese Moon Festival is the moon lady day. To worship the moon is the women's job. Usually, the mother prepares and hosts the ceremony. Men shouldn't worship the moon. Women during menstruation, sick women, and broken heart women shouldn't involve the worship ceremony. If a house is not clean or not in order, then people should cancel the ceremony. We need to prepare a neat and perfect place with a peaceful and admiring heart to welcome the moon lady.
The Chinese Mid-Autumn Festival Day for Coming Years
|China Time Zone||US PST Time Zone||US EST Time Zone|
|September 21, 2021||September 20, 2021||September 20, 2021|
|September 10, 2022||September 10, 2022||September 10, 2022|
|September 29, 2023||September 28, 2023||September 28, 2023|
Why the US and China have different Moon Festival Dates?
The date of the 2018 Moon Festival is 9/24/2018 in China. However, the date of the 2018 Chinese Moon Festival is 9/23/2018 in the USA. Why?
The date of the Chinese Moon Festival (a.k.a. Mid-autumn Festival) is on the 15th moon day of the 8th Chinese lunar month (Chicken month). Since the new moon day is the first day of a Chinese Lunar Month. The first day of 8th lunar month is 9-10-2018 in China, the Moon Festival is on 9-24-2018. The first day of the 8th lunar month is 9-9-2018 in EST or PST, the Moon Festival is on 9-23-2018 in the USA.
|Time Zone||Longitude||New Moon Date/Time||The 15th Moon Day||Full Moon Date/Time|
|China||East 120||9-10-2018 02:02||9-24-2018||9-25-2018 10:53|
|EST (USA)||West 75||9-09-2018 13:02||9-23-2018||9-24-2018 21:5|
|PST (USA)||West 120||9-09-2018 10:02||9-23-2018||9-24-2018 18:53|
|China||East 120||8-30-2019 18:38||9-13-2019||9-14-2019 12:34|
|EST (USA)||West 75||8-30-2019 05:38||9-13-2019||9-13-2019 23:34|
|PST (USA)||West 120||8-30-2019 02:38||9-13-2019||9-13-2019 20:34|
Many Chinese still think the Chinese Moon Festival is on the full moon day of mid-autumn. More than 50% chance, the moon full day is on the 16th moon day of a lunar month. It's unusual for USA time this year 1999 that the full moon day is on the 17th moon day of the 8th lunar month.
The Moon Festival is a holiday in China. It's an occasion for a family's reunion. Chinese families like to get together to eat moon cakes and watch the moon at the Moon Festival night. For the people who are out of town or for Chinese who are from China staying in the USA, they miss their family or the lover at home and share the same moon at the night of the Moon Festival before the Internet gets popular.
Most Chinese in the USA today still use the Chinese lunar calendar published from China, Hong Kong or Taiwan. They are told that the Chinese moon festival is on 9-24-2018 which is a date close to the full moon day and time. That's why we can hear some Chinese say that the moon in the USA is much fuller than the moon in China. We should respect those people who own a pair of good eyes.
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