About Chinese New Year Spring Festival  

Chinese New Year 2020 Animal - Year of the Rat

When is the Chinese New Year 2020?

The 2020 Chinese New Year Day is on Saturday, January 25, 2020 in China's time zone. This day is the new moon day of the first Chinese lunar month in the Chinese Lunar Calendar system. The exact new moon time is at 5:43 on 2020-01-25, in the China time zone.

Chinese New Year 2020 animal sign is the White Rat. Chinese calendar combines solar, lunar and 60 Stem-Branch counting systems. The 60 Stem-Branch calendar uses the names of Yin Yang Five Elements (Metal, Water, Wood, Fire and Earth) and 12 animals to rank the sequences. Five elements are connected to five colors - White, Black, Green, Red, and Brown. So Chinese use the color animal name to count the year. The name of 2020 is the Male Metal Rat. White is connected to Metal. Therefore, 2020 is also called White Metal Rat Year.

The first day of the White Rat year is not the Chinese New Year Day in Chinese Astrology. The first day of the Tiger month is the first day of the Chinese Astrology year. This day is called Start of Spring, which is the date when the sun enters the 315th degree on the tropical zodiac. This day is around February 4, each year. 2020 Chinese White Rat starts on February 4, 2020 in China's time zone. That means the Chinese Lunar New Year is not the first day of White Rat Year. If a baby is born before February 4, 2020, then the baby's zodiac sign is the Pig, not Rat.

Coming Chinese New Year Days

Chinese New Year Dates in the China Time Zone
YearZodiac Animal SignNew YearFirst Zodiac
2020White Metal RatSaturday, Jan. 25, 2020February 4, 2020
2021White Metal CowFriday, Feb. 12, 2021February 3, 2021
2022Black Water TigerTuesday, Feb. 1, 2022February 4, 2022

The new moon time determines the new moon date. The new moon time is at 5:43 on Saturday, January 25, 2020, in the China time zone. Therefore, Chinese New Year Day is Saturday, January 25, 2020.The new moon time is at 21:49 on Friday, January 24, 2020, in the US Pacific time zone. Therefore, the 2020 Chinese New Year Day is on Friday, January 24, 2020 in the Pacific Time zone.

Chinese New Year Dates in US Pacific Time Zone
YearZodiac Animal SignNew YearFirst Zodiac
2020White Metal RatFriday, Jan. 24, 2020Feb. 4, 2020
2021White Metal CowThursday, Feb. 11, 2021Feb. 3, 2021
2022Black Water TigerMonday, Jan. 31, 2022Feb. 3, 2022

How Old is China?

The Chinese believe that the first king of China was the Yellow King (he was not the first emperor of China). The Yellow King became king in 2697 B.C., therefore China will enter the 4717th year on Saturday, January 25, 2020. Also, the Chinese Year uses the cycle of 60 Stem-Branch counting systems and the Male Metal Rat is the 37th Stem-Branch in the cycle. Since 4717 = (60 * 78) + 37, therefore 2020 of Metal Rat Year is the 4717th Chinese Year.

Some web sites say the year 2020 is the 4718th Chinese year. If you cannot find the explanation, here is a possible answer for you. The Yellow King's inauguration was held in the spring of 2697 B.C. But the calendar of Yellow King used the winter solstice day as the first day of the year. The winter solstice was on around December 23rd, 2698 B.C. Today's January 1st means nothing to Yellow King. If we count that extra eight days in 2698 B.C. for a year, then the year 2020 is the 4718th Chinese year.

2020 is the 4717th Chinese Year. However, Chinese civilization is up to 8000 years. The Dadiwan relics show the civilization of houses, palaces, cooking tools, color pottery, weapons, artifacts and agriculture. Archaeologists doubt the I-Ching was invested there.

What's meaning of White Metal Rat?

Geng-Zi is the Chinese zodiac name of Stem-Branch calendar for 2020. Each zodiac is labeled with a name of Yin-Yang Five Elements. Geng is Yang Metal. Zi is Rat. Therefore, the name of 2020 is called Yang Metal Rat. Yin is female and Yang is male. The color of Metal is White. 2020 is the Male White Metal Rat year.

The first Stem-Branch name is found in the document around 1739 B.C. The original stems and branches only use for counting the days. Using Stem-Branch to count for Month, Hour and Year sequences began around 206 B.C. during Chin dynasty and Han dynasty. Using the season changing information, Chinese Yin Yang Five Element scholars converted all zodiac signs into five elements. The theory of Five Elements becomes the foundation of Chinese fortunetelling.

Yang Metal is sword, steel, axe, big rock, or big minerals. Yang Metal is male, hard, sharp, glittering, and glaring iron. The characteristics of Yang Metal are brave, steadfast, unyielding, and righteous. The other traits of Yang Metal are heartless, flaunt, ruthless, and tyrannical. Yang Metal is also connected to strong wind, storm, or hurricane. It can bring rain water with it. Yang Metal is the 7th element of 10 Heavenly Stems. The color of Yang Metal is white, silver, or light yellow. The location of Yang Metal is in the west.

Rat is the first animal sign of 12 Earthly Branches. Rat is in the Water group according to the Chinese Five Element theory. Rat is connected to placid water, cold water, or rain. Water is related to wisdom and intelligence. So Rat is a clever, tricky, and tactical animal. The Rat has many ideas with keen vision and can solve problems quickly. Rat is Yin Water, the last element of 10 Heavenly Stems. It is connected to knowledge, memory, and learning. The Rat has a strong memory in learning and remembers previous life experiences. Rat is brilliant, brainy with a sense of creativity. The characteristics of Rat are agile, active, resourceful, thoughtful, sharp-sighted, staying alert.

In Chinese I-Ching, Water is connected to the danger. Rat Month is December, the snow month of the winter. Rat is the icy water. The other traits of Rat are gloomy, quiet, introverted, conspiring, and scheming. When the Rat is a leader, it owns power and can make decisions. It often takes little advantage of others and gives people pressure.

Yang Metal Rat ranks 31st out of 60 Stem-Branches. Yang Metal is the Heavenly Stem and Rat is the Earthly Branch in the Chinese Zodiac calendar. The color of Yang Metal is white or golden. Therefore, Yang Metal Rat is the White Rat or Golden Rat.

Yang Metal is connected to the sword, ax, gun, or weapon. Yang Metal Rat is a fully armed Rat. Yang Metal also stands for a metal boat, ship, submarine, or strong wind. According to the Chinese Five Elements, Rat is Yin Water. Yin Water stands for placid water, cold water, or ocean.

The sign of Yang Metal Rat is a ship traveling on the ocean. That implies that we need patiently wait for the time to arrive at the destination. It's time to well-prepared for the next coming performance. The fully armed Rat is ready for battle. The other sign of Yang Metal Rat is strong wind stirring up the water or a potential hurricane. Water represents a danger in I-Ching. Hurricane could damage the properties to cause disputes. A smart person should stay alert and don't drop into the ocean or arguments.

Metal is the mother element of Water. Yang Metal can be a big metal container storing the Water of Rat. It can make Water cooler and colder. Yang Metal Rat implies strong Water. It will bring good luck for people whose birth chart is the lack of Water.

2020 Chinese Horoscope Forecasts

Chinese Fortune Calendar provides two different 2020 predictions. The first method is the simple Chinese Zodiac Prediction to analyze the relationship between White Rat and your zodiac sign. The second method is the traditional Chinese Five Element Astrology. It will read your complete Chinese Astrology birth chart, Find Your Lucky Element, then forecast your luck in the White Rat year. This way is required your correct birthday and birth time.

Chinese New Year Festival Before and After

Chinese New Year festival is from Chinese New Year Day to Chinese Lantern Festival for 15 days long. Chinese families have to prepare for the Chinese New Year festival a month ago. To understand those events, we need to know Chinese history and cultural background.

2020 Chinese Lunar Calendar

Chinese New Year Day is the first lunar day of the first Chinese lunar month. That means the new moon day is the first lunar day. The new moon day could fall to a different day in a different time zone. Therefore, lunar months have different patterns between China and the USA time zones. This will impact the Chinese Baby Gender Selection calendar.

Chinese lunar calendar is quite complicate. Actually, it has to work with the solar calendar. A lunar month has 29 or 30 days long. In order to match up the solar cycle, the Chinese lunar calendar has to add additional 7 lunar months every 19 years. The following topics are the detail explanations of Chinese Lunar calendar.

2020 Feng Shui for Chinese New Year

The 7-Red Star flies into the center palace of the 9-Star diagram in 2020. Therefore, the kua number of 2020 is 7-Red.


Lucky directions are
1 (White) is connected to Business, Romance, Social Relationships.
4 (Green) is connected to Intelligence, Academic Achievement.
6 (White) is connected to Windfall, Money, Power, Position.
8 (White) is connected to Money, Wealth.
9 (Purple) is connected to Happiness, Marriage.

Unlucky directions are
2 (Black) is connected to Illness and Sickness.
3 (Green) is connected to Quarrel, Dispute, Lawsuit.
5 (Yellow) is connected to Sick, Trouble, Bad Luck.
7 (Red) is connected to Robbery, Villain.
The most unlucky direction is Yellow 5 at western side. Do not have any remodeling in the western area of your house.


By Master Allen Tsai on November 1, 2021

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